In my opinion, the purpose of working out is to maximize the human body’s performance. It’s about training the body to be able to most efficiently move and operate in its intended manner. So how do you do this?
In order to answer this question, we first have to look at the areas that make up human performance. Please note that I am not an exercise physiologist, nutritionist or psychologist, so that I am not an expert in this field. This is based on my personal life experiences and research.
Power: the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements. The two components of power are strength and speed.
- Strength – the ability of a muscle or muscle group to overcome a resistance.
- Speed – the amount of time it takes the body to perform a movement.
Endurance: The body’s ability to perform a movement over a period of time.
- Cardio-vascular endurance – the body’s ability to move oxygen and other nutrients throughout the cells of the body and the body’s ability to use these nutrients to maintain performance.
- Strength endurance – A muscle or muscle groups ability to overcome a resistance over a period of time.
Agility – the ability to change the body’s position efficiently.
- Balance – the ability to maintain equilibrium (i.e., – not fall over) through the coordinated actions of our sensory functions (eyes, ears and the proprioceptive organs in our joints)
- Stationary balance – maintaining equilibrium while standing still
- Dynamic balance – maintaining equilibrium while moving
- Coordination – the ability to control the movement of the body in co-operation with the body’s sensory functions (e.g., in catching a ball [ball, hand and eye co-ordination]). *Coordination is required in every body movement.
- Stability – The body’s ability to maintain or control a movement or position through the coordinated use of tissues and the body’s sensory functions.
- Mobility/Flexibility – The degree to which the body is able to move before being restricted by surrounding tissues (ligaments, tendons, muscles, etc.).
Recovery – The body’s ability to overcome and adapt to physical or mental fatigue.
- Returning the body’s physiological functions, homeostasis, energy stores and energy enzymes.
Nutrition – Selecting and preparing the right types of foods so that your body can absorb the proper nutrients to function at full capacity. **Note that this article will not dive into proper nutrition, but expect an article to come as this is an essential aspect to maximizing human performance.
Mental makeup – Developing the right mindset so that your body and mind can operate at its full potential. ***Check out my article Get Your Mind Right to learn more about this.
Developing a workout routine is about combining all of the above areas into a comprehensive plan so that you can achieve maximum performance. So let’s build a program. (Coming in Part 2 of this Article)